Construction Safety Overview
The Construction Safety Program is designed to minimize risks and protect the UTSA community as the University continues to grow. This is achieved through safety training, construction site inspections, and environmental monitoring. The Construction Safety Program is administered by Facilities Business and Customer Services.
Construction Safety Inspections
To ensure contractors are following safety standards and industry best practices, our team regularly conducts inspections of the working conditions at on-campus construction sites. We assess these sites to ensure that appropriate equipment and procedures are in use, in order to protect those at the worksite as well surrounding areas.
Our team provides the following training courses for UTSA staff and faculty:
SA 0455: Asbestos & Indoor Air Quality: Will discuss basic information regarding asbestos, the health effects of asbestos, and the procedures for dealing with asbestos at UTSA to comply with state and federal regulations and minimize potential exposure risks. Will discuss the variety of items that affect our indoor work environment.
To sign up for training, go to mytraining.utsa.edu.
Asbestos Monitoring – UTSA Asbestos Awareness Program
Asbestos has been used by mankind for several thousand years, with the earliest written reference to asbestos being dated to approximately 300 B.C. There are also many documented references from the Roman Empire. The use of asbestos in building materials accelerated in the 1890’s. The advancements in refining and manufacturing enabled the use of asbestos to expand to hundreds of industrial and commercial applications. And while these asbestos-containing products were (and still remain) some of the best available for their respective uses, this increased use of asbestos has enlarged the size of the population exposed to asbestos. The health effects associated with occupational and non-occupational asbestos exposure can create severe human diseases. Although asbestos continues to be used worldwide, the potential impact of these asbestos-caused diseases has motivated public health authorities of the United States to control the use of asbestos in this country. Ongoing federal and state programs oversee efforts to prevent environmental release, and abate existing asbestos sources.
Understanding, acceptance, and voluntary compliance with the federal and state regulations and recommended procedures regarding asbestos will prevent citations and fines, and tremendously reduce the risk of asbestos exposure.
What is asbestos?
The term asbestos refers to a group of naturally occurring silicate minerals. The most common types of asbestos minerals in this group are chrysotile, amosite, crocidolite, tremolite, anthophyllite, and actinolite. The first three listed (chrysotile, amosite, crocidolite) are the primary varieties used in commercial and industrial applications. Characteristics such as heat resistance, insulating abilities, fireproof, and chemical inertness, coupled with the flexibility to be woven make asbestos suitable for use in many applications.
How might I be exposed to asbestos?
While asbestos can enter the environment from weathered natural mineral deposits, our greatest concern for exposure in the workplace is fiber releases from man-made asbestos containing materials. Asbestos Containing Materials (ACM) include such products as floor tiles, adhesives, roof shingles, cements, acoustical and structural insulations, plumbing and electrical insulations, and automotive brakes. Asbestos fibers may be released into the air when these products are disturbed.
How do asbestos fibers enter and leave the body?
The greatest concern regarding asbestos exposure is airborne asbestos fibers. Breathing asbestos containing air into the lungs will create the greatest potential for asbestos related disease. Some of the asbestos fibers reaching the lungs are exhaled as we breath, and others are coughed from the lungs with mucous, but the fibers reaching the deepest air passages of the lungs can produce the greatest damage.
The digestive system can be exposed to asbestos fibers from drinking water, mucous cleared from the lungs, and from eating food on which airborne asbestos fibers have settled. A small number of fibers may penetrate the cells that line the digestive system, but only a few will reach the bloodstream and be eliminated in the urine. Those fibers remaining in the digestive tract cells create a potential for asbestos related disease.
Asbestos fibers contacting the skin rarely pass through the skin into the body.
How can asbestos affect my health?
Information on human health effects of asbestos comes mostly from long-term studies of people (primarily miners, manufacturing workers, and construction trade workers) exposed to asbestos in the workplace. Persons who breathe in asbestos may develop a slow build-up of scar-like tissue in the lungs. This condition is called asbestosis. This scarred tissue impairs the ability of the lungs to absorb oxygen for the body. This is a serious disease and can eventually lead to disability and death. Persons who breathe in asbestos also have increased chances of developing two types of cancer: Lung cancer starts within the respiratory tissues, and mesothelial cancer grows from the membranes that surround the lungs and abdominal cavities. Both lung cancer and mesothelioma are usually fatal. These asbestos related diseases will not appear immediately, but may take from 10 to 50 years to develop following exposure.
Does exposure to asbestos automatically mean I will develop an asbestos-related disease?
NO. Asbestos exposure and disease is much like smoking and smoking related disease. The exposure increases the risk, but does not automatically mean that an individual will develop a related disease. Many people smoke for years, even a lifetime, and develop no smoking related disease. Others smoke for only a short period of time, yet develop a serious disease quickly. Asbestos exposure and related diseases mirror these examples. However, it does appear that exposure to high amounts of asbestos through either long term exposure and/or high concentrations is more serious. Research is currently underway to better determine the risks of short term and low concentration exposure to asbestos.
Is there a medical test to determine whether I have been exposed to asbestos fibers?
The most common test used to determine if you have been exposed to asbestos is a chest x-ray. The x-ray cannot detect the asbestos fibers themselves, but can detect early signs of lung disease caused by asbestos exposure. A pulmonary function test (PFT) determines lung capacity, and is another useful test in determining early signs of lung disease.
Periodic medical examinations including a chest x-ray, PFT, and a review of asbestos-based risk factors can be effective. Asbestos risk factors include length, levels, and frequency of asbestos exposure and smoking history. The combined impact of cigarette smoking and asbestos fiber exposure greatly increases the chances of lung disease.
Should I be alarmed when I see a warning for asbestos?
Keep in mind that warnings are everywhere—in small print on the back of over-the-counter medications, on the side of every gas pump at the service station, on a tag at the end of every new hair blow dryer, and even on the plastic bag placed over our clean clothes at the dry cleaners. You should not be alarmed by warnings—you should respect them. Understand that the purpose of the warning is informational, and that a danger exists if item is misused or mistreated.
I think I have asbestos in my home. Do I need to do anything about it to protect my health?
Most of the time, the answer to this question is NO. The most common asbestos containing materials used in the home are floor tile, roofing, and siding. These materials are very strong and don’t readily crumble and release the asbestos fibers unless they are subjected to extremely strong forces. Occasionally other materials such as pipe insulation and thermal insulation are used in home construction. If you believe you may have these types of materials in your home, and you are considering renovation or demolition of the structure, you should seek the help of an asbestos consultant to aid you in determining the proper actions you need to take.
I am going to perform a renovation and/or demolition to my business building. Is there anything I should know about asbestos before I begin this project?
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) requires that a survey be performed to determine the presence of asbestos in a building before any renovation or demolition work begins. In Texas, we also have the Texas Asbestos Health Protection Rules (TAHPR), which apply to public buildings. The Texas Department of Health (TDH) enforces TAHPR, and is also delegated, by the EPA, the authority to enforce NESHAP regulations. All of these regulations mentioned also require that notification be made before the start of any renovation or demolition project. In addition, TAHPR contains further requirements regarding licensing of companies and individuals that perform surveys and asbestos removal.
What asbestos-related work requires a company and/or individual to be licensed?
TAHPR requires licensing in the following categories: Contractors, Project Supervisors, Workers, Consultants, Management Planners, Inspectors, Air Monitors, Laboratories, Transporters, and Training Providers. To obtain a license, you must provide proof of appropriate training. All training and licensing is valid for periods of one year.
EPA recommendations on asbestos removal.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) does not recommend that asbestos-containing materials (ACM) be removed for the sole purpose of removing the asbestos. Remember that the potential for an asbestos fiber release into the environment occurs when the asbestos containing material is disturbed. The EPA recommendations are to disturb the ACM only when necessary in the performance of operational & maintenance tasks, renovations, and demolition activity. And, of course, all applicable regulations and procedures must be adhered to, regardless of the reason for the disturbance.
Important Documents and Links